Manual: Song Properties
The attributes found in this page are very fundamental to the track, and none of them can be changed during playback using effect commands. On the contrary, some of these settings even affect how certain effect commands work. The track type you use dictates which properties can be enabled. For new tracks, you can set anything available, but when you load a module, you almost never want to change these attributes unless you are trying to update the module or make it available in another format.
- 1 Track Type
- 2 Playback Flags
- 3 Mix Levels
- 4 Compatibility Settings
- 5 Tempo Mode
- 6 Time Signature
- 7 Version Info
Shows the current track format. Clicking on this field will open a popup menu where you can choose to convert the track to another format. However, in doing so, you may lose features when converting between formats that are too different from each other.
Shows the number of pattern channels that are used in this track. Clicking on the field will open a popup menu where you can choose the number of channels. Keep in mind that using Compatibility Export may further limit the amount of available channels.
Linear Frequency Slides
On older trackers, frequency slides always slided the same amount of “periods” (an unit that is inverse to frequency). As the note scale is logarithmic, this means in practice that sliding by a given amount of periods becomes less “effective” in the lowest octave (i.e. it will not change the note as much) than in the higher octaves. Linear slides avoid this problem - Slide parameters are defined by 1⁄64th note units, so the same slide parameter will always slide the same amount of Notes instead of the same amount of frequency. It is recommended to leave this setting enabled for new songs, changing it for existing songs can destroy note slides in those songs. Note that the MOD and S3M format never make use of linear slides.
Fast Volume Slides
Applicable only when loading S3M tracks, checking this box will apply volume slides on every tick (as opposed to every non-row tick), which was the default behaviour in Scream Tracker 3.0. Normally you should not need to change this setting as it will modify note slide behaviour.
Extended Filter Range
Normally the Cutoff frequency range is from 130 Hz to about 5 kHz. Checking this box allows for the instrument filtering range to be doubled, to a range of 130 Hz to about 10 kHz.
IT Old Effects
When this checkbox is enabled, some effects commands (Vibrato, Tremor, Tremolo, Offset) are played like older versions of Impulse Tracker (and other trackers) would play them. Even if "old" might sound bad, you should not change this setting for existing tracks as some effects might play differently.
Normally Portamento commands in IT tracks (Exx, Fxx, and Gxx) share their memory; that is, the last value used by one of them will be used by another if calling a 00 value. If you check this box, Gxx memory is not shared in IT tracks (but you must also set the IT Compatibility flag, described below). This behaviour is more consistent with other trackers like Fasttracker 2, where tone portamento (3xx) and note slides (1xx and 2xx) do not share memory as well. Another notable difference is that any envelopes are reset when using Gxx next to a note + instrument combo (like in the XM format) and that the effect of a previous Key-Off note is nullified when Compatible Gxx is enabled.
ProTracker 1/2 mode
For MODs created with ProTracker 1 and 2, you might need to check this box for proper playback. Most of the settings in this mode are specific to modules created with ProTracker. Further MOD-specific quirks can be enabled and disabled in the Compatibility Settings below. OpenMPT automatically tries to detect if it should enable ProTracker 1/2 mode when loading MOD files.
The following “Amiga-only” limitations and other quirks are applied in ProTracker 1/2 mode:
- Instrument changes are always applied on the first tick, even if the note is delayed.
- Tremolo and vibrato are not applied on the first tick of a row.
- Notes that fall outside of the standard range (C-4 to B-6) will be coloured red to warn you that these notes cannot be played on a real Amiga, and they will also be corrected to the Amiga's frequency range.
- Arpeggios are “wrapped around” if they exceed the Amiga note range — that is, if you play e.g. a B-6 with an arpeggio effect, the arpeggiated notes are wrapped around to octave 4.
- The quirky behaviour of the 9xx command known from ProTracker 1/2 is emulated in this mode.
Amiga Frequency Limits
Only available in S3M and MOD files, this setting ensures that notes cannot exceed the Amiga frequency range. All notes are clamped to the Amiga’s three-octave range. Note slides can also not exceed this range. It is not recommended to enable this option in S3M files, as it just exists for backwards compatibility with old files that require it to be enabled. In MOD files, it can be enabled separately from ProTracker 1/2 mode to enforce the Amiga note range without emulating other ProTracker quirks. Amiga Frequency Limits are enabled automatically when loading 4 channel MOD files whose pattern note range does not exceed the Amiga note range.
Mix Levels dictate the volume ratio between samples and VST plugins. Most importantly, the mix levels determine how samples are amplified before they are being sent through a plugin. By default, the best mix levels for the current file are chosen when creating a new songs. Some legacy mix level settings may only be available when opening an existing module which made use of them.
Here is an overview with all the differences. The latest mix level modes are on the right.
|Original (MPT 1.16)||OpenMPT 1.17RC1||OpenMPT 1.17RC2||OpenMPT 1.17RC3||Compatible|
|Soft Panning||User-Defined in Setup||User-Defined in Setup||User-Defined in Setup||Forced On||Forced Off †|
|Sample Pre-Amp||User-Defined in Setup||User-Defined in Setup||User-Defined in Setup||Fixed (No Attenuation)||Fixed (Half Volume)|
|Global Volume||Applied to Samples||Applied to Samples||Applied to Master||Applied to Master||Applied to Master|
|Sample Volume|| Halved before being sent to plugins
Doubled when sending back
| Divided by 16 before being sent to plugins
Multiplied by 16 when sending back
|Correct levels (no multiplication)||Correct levels||Correct levels|
As the sample volume is reduced before samples are being sent to the plugin in the two oldest mix modes (1.16 and 1.17RC1), plugins do not receive the correct levels of the samples. To compensate for this, the plugin’s output is multiplied to normal gain again. As VST instruments have no input, this effectively means that VST instruments are twice as loud as intended when using the oldest mix mode, and sixteen times as loud when using the OpenMPT 1.17RC1 mix mode. Hence, do not use them. When working with plugins, use the latest (OpenMPT 1.17RC3) mix mode.
When applying global volume to samples rather than to the master output, the output of VST plugins is not affected by global volume, which is usually not the wanted behaviour.
The Compatible Mix Level settings are automatically used when playing MOD and S3M tracks, and should always be used when writing IT and XM tracks. The sample mix levels are identical those of Schism Tracker in this mode, meaning that (almost) identical audio levels can be guaranteed across several trackers. When using plugins, it is recommended to not use compatible mix levels, as the exact pre-amplification may change to increase compatibility with other trackers. Use OpenMPT’s mix levels when working with plugins in the MPTM format.
† When using Compatible levels, the Linear Pan Law is being used. Compatible (FT2 Pan Law) makes use of the Square Root Pan Law instead, which is the pan law that Fasttracker 2 uses. This option is only available for XM files. The Square Root Pan Law emphasises samples played in the center, while samples played more on the left and right are slightly attenuated.
OpenMPT supports many module playback quirks to emulate a wide range of OpenMPT versions and other trackers. This is to retain compatibility with as many trackers as possible, so that any module will sound as good as possible.
The Set Defaults button allows you to automatically use the recommended compatibility settings for IT and XM modules. Using it may be necessary when upgrading from an old OpenMPT version. More information about this can be found in the chapter on Compatible Playback.
Click Edit Compatibility Settings button to edit the compatibility details. This button opens the Playback Compatibility Settings dialog.
In the Tempo group, the Mode drop down box lets you choose the tempo mode: Classic, Alternative, or Modern. Each tempo mode has different advantages and is further explained below. Before comparing the tempo modes, it is helpful to understand the following points.
- The exact meaning of the Tempo value depends on the tempo mode, but increasing the Tempo will always result in a faster note playback speed, decreasing the Tempo always produces a slower note playback speed. There are two ways you can change the Tempo.
- The smallest unit you can use for creating notes is a row. When any other value affects the row duration, notes will play faster or slower.
- The smallest unit the player uses is a tick, a subdivision of a row.
- In OpenMPT, “Speed” means “ticks per row”. Changing the Speed affects the number of instrument envelope ticks that are processed per row and the behavior of many pattern effects. In some tempo modes, changing the Speed also affects the note playback speed. There are two ways you can change the Speed.
- To set the initial Speed: In the General tab, use the box labeled “Ticks/Row”.
- To change the Speed in the middle of a song: In the pattern editor, go to the desired pattern and row and insert a “Set Speed” effect. (For IT: Axx. For XM: Fxx, where xx is 01 to 1F.)
In the Classic and Alternative tempo modes, values are built up from ticks to rows to beats. In the Modern tempo mode, values are subdivided from beats to rows to ticks.
When a value affects the rows per minute or the row duration, notes will play faster or slower. In the table below, the bold and highlighted items emphasize this.
|Main advantage||Compatible with other players||Before Modern tempo mode was available, let you increase Speed or Rows per Beat further||Easy to understand tempo value, always precise|
|Tempo unit||24 ticks per minute|| 60 ticks per minute
(ticks per second)
|beats per minute|
|Ticks per minute||Tempo × 24||Tempo × 60||Tempo × Rows per Beat × Speed|
|Rows per minute||Tempo × 24 / Speed||Tempo × 60 / Speed||Tempo × Rows per Beat|
|Beats per minute||Tempo × 24 / Speed / Rows per Beat||Tempo × 60 / Speed / Rows per Beat||Tempo|
|Tick duration||2.5 seconds / Tempo||1 second / Tempo||60 seconds / Tempo / Rows per Beat / Speed|
|Row duration||(2.5 seconds / Tempo) × Speed||(1 second / Tempo) × Speed||60 seconds / Tempo / Rows per Beat|
|Beat duration||(2.5 seconds / Tempo) × Speed × Rows per Beat||(1 second / Tempo) × Speed × Rows per Beat||60 seconds / Tempo|
|If you decrease or increase Tempo...||notes play slower or faster||notes play slower or faster||notes play slower or faster|
|If you decrease or increase Speed...||notes play faster or slower||notes play faster or slower||note play speed doesn’t change|
|If you decrease or increase Rows per Beat...||note play speed doesn’t change||note play speed doesn’t change||notes play slower or faster|
Classic Tempo Mode
This mode uses the classic definition of speed and tempo that is compatible with many other trackers. It is always used in legacy formats (MOD, S3M, XM, IT).
For performance reasons, most older trackers were implemented with very little to no floating point arithmetic. Some rounding errors when calculating the number of samples that should constitute a buffer of a given duration mean that tempos could be inexact. For this reason, tempo may also differ between various playback rates, e.g. playback might be slightly slower at 48 kHz than at 44 kHz. In OpenMPT, the Classic tempo mode preserves this “old-school” behaviour.
Alternative Tempo Mode
This was thought as a slightly easier to understand variant of the Classic Tempo Mode devised by Ericus for the mathematically minded. The ratio between tempo x and speed y can be memorized easily as “x rows will last y seconds.” The same rounding error restrictions as in classic tempo mode apply.
Modern Tempo Mode
This tempo mode compensates for the rounding errors described above, so the real BPM always corresponds to the exact value you specify. Thus, tempo is always identical at all playback rates. This is the most intuitive mode for new users and closest to other modern music software packages. It is recommended to use this mode in MPTM tracks.
To make use of temporarily increased (or decreased) tracking precision (while staying at the same tempo) in this tempo mode, you will have to change the Rows per Beat of a specific pattern, so this is only possible in the MPTM format.
In the Tempo group, the Rows per beat and Rows per measure values are used to highlight appropriate rows in the pattern editor and to calculate the time signature that is sent to some plugins. In MPTM modules, patterns can also have a custom time signature which overrides this global time signature. It can be changed in the Pattern Properties dialog.
In modern tempo mode, the duration of the rows contributing to a beat can be configured by clicking the Configure Swing button, which will open the Tempo Swing Settings dialog. This way, swinging rhythms can be created automatically without the help of pattern commands.
Shows which software was used to create and save the current track.